Central European Journal of Energetic Materials

Volume 11, Number 2, 2014

A Study of the Influence of Selected Transition Metals

on the Solid State Reactivity in a Fe-KClO4 Mixture


Institute of Non-Ferrous Metals Division in Poznań, 12 Forteczna St., 61-362 Poznań, Poland 2Faculty of Commodity Science, Poznań University of Economic, 10 Niepodległości St., 61-875 Poznań Poland 3Faculty of Chemistry, Adam Mickiewicz University, 6 Grunwaldzka St., 60-780 Poznań, Poland *E-mail: bogdan.czajka@claio.poznan.pl, zenon.foltynowicz@ue.poznan.pl, wachow@amu.edu.pl

Abstract: The effect of selected transition metal powders (Zn, Ti, Mo and nano-Fe), in the concentration range from 0-5 wt.%, when used as activators in the highly calorific mixture Fe-KClO4 (containing 16 wt.% KClO4), has been studied. It has been established that zinc and molybdenum powders can act as factors in decreasing the activation temperature and increasing the effectiveness of the oxidant used. Titanium powder increases the oxygen conversion rate and the amount of energy released. Iron nano-powder has only a slight influence on the above mentioned parameters.

Keywords: Fe-KClO4 mixture, activators, linear burn rate, electrostatic discharge sensitivity test (EDS), calorimetric measurements, oxygen conversion

Institute of Industrial Organic Chemistry

Warsaw, Poland